In unit five, we were talking about the education systems in other countries and we compared them with the education system in our country. This week I have read something about it that I have found very interesting. It is about education in Finland. So I will try to expound the most characteristic aspects of its education.
In Finland, the State finances families so that they can educate their children at home or in a nursery as they prefer.
The Infant Schools take children aged 1 to 7 and are taught by teachers who have a of three-year degree. Their methodology is based on games and its aim is to help parents with their children’s education.
The Primary Education takes children aged 7 to. The subjects are concentrated on learning languages and arts. This stage is taught by teachers with higher qualifications and they have to pass a series of exams. The Finnish teaching methodology is characterized, at this stage, by an individualized and flexible teaching method wich looks for the development of self-confidence.
Finnish people start their Secondary Education when they are 14 and they finish when they are 16. The subjects that stand out at this stage are languages and the subject of home economy. The teachers are specialized in this Secondary Education.
The Graduate starts when students are 16 and finishes when they are 19. In Finland there are no modalities of election in the graduate. At this stage, the teachers try to teach the students how to learn ‘.
The Occupational training starts when people are 16 or 17. Teachers have a two-year degree and pedagogical studies. They use a methodology similar to that of Secondary Education. They seek to develop a personalized syllabus. There is a higher level in the Occupational Education that starts when people are 19 and finishes when they are about 24. The subjects in Finland are divided in common and optional subjects. To teach in this educational level, it is necessary to have three years’ experience. They use a methodology based on the use of technological resources.
In Finland, people access University when they are 19, and they finish their degrees when they are 24. The Finnish University Curriculum distinguishes between obligatory, free election and optional subjects. Teachers are instructed in specific institutions which are called ‘Vocational Teacher Education College’.
As for the attention to diversity, in Finland students who have special needs are moved to special centres where they will be taught following specific syllabi.
After all these explanations, I must say that is the most successful country in Education policies because they invest more money and education is a priority in the State, and it is not a political question, because no matter which political party governs, the educational law does not change.