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The purpose of this report is to present the findings of a survey about children and television. The information was gathered with the help of a group of 11 students (8 female and 3 male) aged 18-37 at the EOI of Mieres. Interviews were conducted by a questionnaire in the EOI’s blog and answers analysed for significant similarities and differences.
When the data were analysed, it was found that in the first part of the survey 100% of those interviewed agreed that television has turned into one of the most important hobbies and with more influence on the life of children, what takes up a lot of time from other activities like reading, studying, homework, playing, interaction with their family, social development and so on, and all of them also thought that in many homes the television is like a babysitter, parents use it as the only way of entertainment and amusement so that children leave them alone.
The vast majority of students said that it is very important what children watch in television, since programs that are well designed and take children’s development stages into consideration have more educational merit than programs that are no directed to promote their healthy development. Well over 54% felt that television can help to develop the intellectual capacity of the child, children who watch educational programs of quality can learn new things, have a wider vocabulary and a higher expressive language but the rest of the interviewees felt that it is not the best way to develop their intellectual capacity. Rather surprisingly, only a person thought that television does not influence the behaviour of the child whereas the rest of the people thought that the behaviour of the children is determined to a great extent for what they watch, in such a way that if a child watches regularly programs where there is violence the child will see it like something normal and he will develop aggressive conducts for the simple fact of learning by imitating them. The child will also use the aggressiveness to solve his problems. But children can also learn social positive values like cooperation, friendship, respect, tolerance, kindness… In the last question, as expected it was generally agreed that parents have to do something about the appropriate use of television. Parents have to choose the programs adapted according to the age of every child, put limits to the quantity of time for watching television and have a critical attitude about what children watch on television. Moreover, they can use it to interact with the child and take advantage of learning opportunities inserted in the program
In conclusion, the survey suggests that the majority thinks that television is very present in the children’s life, which influences heir behaviour, their learning, their way of relating to others… For this reason it is very important that parents take measures to ensure an appropriate use of it, in this way it can be an educational beneficial experience.